As someone who is deeply concerned about the future of our planet and the challenges we face in feeding a growing global population, I have been looking at traditional methods for arid land agriculture. I truly believe that traditional methods of agriculture can offer valuable insights and solutions for our current food production systems. Specifically, agriculture methods used in arid climates.
Throughout history, arid lands have posed significant challenges to growing food. But over time, different cultures have developed unique strategies for managing these challenging environments. For example, farmers have used sophisticated irrigation systems along with agroforestry, intercropping, crop rotation, and soil conservation techniques to maintain soil fertility and crop yields.
Living in Abu Dhabi, I am very interested in specific techniques used in the Arabian Peninsula. The techniques break down into several areas: terracing, intercropping, crop rotation, soil conservation, and seed banks. How can we use land and water management techniques such as terracing systems that have traditionally been used in the mountains of Oman and Yemen and the falaj system for water distribution and irrigation to regenerate soils and maintain agriculture productivity in arid environments?
I believe that we need to understand how these historical agriculture land management systems worked at the fundamental mechanical level. Only then will we be able to integrate them into current land management practices and agriculture systems design in our increasing arid agriculture regions.